Fixed Means

ARCHA-IN

Fixed Unattended Measuring Radio Monitoring and Direction Finding Station

Purpose:

  • Station is intended for search, detection, measurement of parameters, direction finding, recording, technical analysis and classification of signals within HF, VHF, UHF and SHF ranges, as well as for localization of their emitters while operating as a part of automated spectrum monitoring systems.



ARCHA-IN Station. Antenna systems of ARTIKUL-S Direction Finder (left one) and ARGAMAK-IS Strength Meter (right one) on a building's roof

Typical Configuration:

Direction finding workstation:

  • ARTIKUL-S Fixed Direction Finder (simultaneous bandwidth up to 5 MHz, operating frequency range 30 – 3000 MHz)
  • Mast
  • Controller with software for remote control
  • Thermostatic moister proof cabinet for installation of the equipment (external temperature range -20C+30C)
  • Operator's automated workstation (AWS) with SMO-PPK, SMO-STA, SMO-ASPD Software Packages.

Measuring workstation:

  • ARGAMAK-IS Panoramic Field Strength Meter (simultaneous bandwidth up to 22 MHz, frequency range 0.009-3000 MHz, integrated high-stable reference frequency generator, Certificate of Approval of Measuring Equipment Type No 47238, certified measuring procedure)
  • Mast mounted ARC-UP1M Remote Controlled Antenna Rotator
  • Measurement antenna set
  • Mast
  • Controller with software for remote control
  • Thermostatic moister proof cabinet for installation of the equipment (external temperature range -20C+30C)
  • Operator's AWS with SMO-PAI, SMO-STA, SMO-ASPD Software Packages.

Technical analysis workstation:

  • ARGAMAK-CS Digital Panoramic Radio Receiver (simultaneous bandwidth up to 22 MHz, frequency range 20-3000 MHz);
  • Antenna set
  • Controller with software for remote control
  • Operator's AWS with SMO-PA, SMO-STA, SMO-ASPD Software Packages.

Cartography workstation:

Common system equipment:

  • Communication and data transmission equipment
  • Backup power supply system with remote control (battery-run time of the Station's radio monitoring equipment is 2 hours minimum).



Equipment of ARCHA-IN Station

Options:

  • Extension of operating frequency range of DF workstation (1.5 – 8000 MHz)
  • Simultaneous DF bandwidth extension up to 24 MHz
  • Extension of operating frequency range of measuring workstation up to 8000 MHz
  • External Field Sensor Unit (EFSU) - omni-directional measuring antenna
  • External remote controlled ARC-KNV4 (3 - 18 GHz) Frequency Down-Converter for Measuring Equipment
  • Extension of operating temperature range for equipment installed outdoor: additional heat Insulation (down to -55C), conditioner (up to +55C)
  • Option to mount measuring receiver ARGAMAK-IS on a mast (available, when ARC-UP1M and measuring antennae not included)
  • Navigation and timing equipment GLONASS/GPS for location finding and synchronization of the stations when joint operating.
  • Equipment of back-up communication channel (2G/3G/4G modem)
  • ARC-TVRV Transportable Unattended System of Automated Monitoring of TV and Radio Broadcast
  • SMO-BS Software Packages for Wireless Data Communication System Analysis: BS 3GPP (GSM, UMTS, LTE), BS CDMA (IS-95, cdma2000, EV-DO), BS TETRA, BS DECT, BS TRUNK (DMR, APCO P25);
  • SMO-CT Software Package for DVB-T/H/T2 Signal Analysis
  • SMO-PVP Cross Talk Detection Software Package



Example of structural diagram of ARCHA-IN Station

Features of Station:

  • It meets the following ITU-R recommendations: SM.328, SM.377, SM.378, SM.443, SM 1047, SM 1050, SM.1139, SM 1268, SM 1370, SM 1392, SM 1537, SM 1600, SM 1682, SM 1836, SM 1837, SM 1838, SM 1840, SM 2039, SM 1880
  • It meets the requirements of Unified Technical Policy (ETP) of RF Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Telecom, Information Technologies and Mass Communications concerning fixed radio monitoring systems
  • Station equipment is located in thermostatic and moisture-protected cases that provide a possibility of outdoor location.
  • Independent direction finding and measuring paths
  • Antenna systems of measurement and direction finding workstations are normally mounted on masts, which can be installed on the roofs of high-rise residential and administrative buildings, cellular operator towers, etc.
  • The distance between antenna system and location of controller unit can be up to 100 m
  • To prevent digital path overloading of the equipment with simultaneous bandwidth more then 20 MHz (ARTIKUL-S, ARGAMAK-IS, ARGAMAK-CS) in complicated electromagnetic environment, digital radio receiver includes additional analogue path with 500 kHz bandwidth
  • The distance between ARGAMAK-IS with EFSU and location of controller unit can be up to 100 m (in case of mast-mounted design of ARGAMAK-IS)
  • Joint operation of several stations, including being a part of ASMS (ARMADA, AREAL etc.)

Station provides:

  • Panoramic spectrum analysis within the entire operating frequency range or within separate intervals in complicated electromagnetic environment, accommodation to ambient radio environment and detection of its changes
  • Search for emission sources within selected frequency ranges, including frequency hopping signals
  • Plotting frequency-time diagram of loading within analyzed frequency ranges.
  • Measuring of electromagnetic field strength and signal parameters
  • Automatic direction finding of radio emission sources with random modulation types and spectrum width in single-channel and multi-channel modes
  • Building of bearing panorama within operating frequency range
  • Real-time display of bearings, spectrum panorama, bearing history and signal amplitude history
  • Recording of radio emission spectrum
  • Technical analysis, including revealing of central frequency, signal type, modulation type, signal bandwidth
  • Detailed technical analysis (parsing of complicated signal-code structures, and analysis of transferred data bitstreams)
  • Check of frequency/time parameters and service information of base station of modern communication and data transmission systems (GSM, IS-95, cdma2000, EV-DO, UMTS, TETRA, DECT, LTE, DMR, APCO P25).
  • Measuring and monitoring of digital TV signal parameters (DVB-T/T2/H)
  • Automated amplitude direction finding (when ARC-UP1M and directional antenna are available)
  • Automated monitoring of TV and radio broadcast (when ARC-TVRV is available)
  • Automated radio monitoring based on preset schedule or under operator control
  • Automated control of equipment health
  • Remote control based on TCP/IP via wire and wireless communication channels
  • Review and processing of the data from DB
  • Mapping DB information on the electronic map
  • Generation of reports with radio monitoring and technical analysis results in Microsoft Office, OpenOffice, HTML and PDF file formats.

In case of joint operation, the stations provides in addition:

  • Interaction via wire and wireless channels
  • Assigning tasks on search, monitoring and direction finding from master unit to slave stations of the system
  • Transfer of radio monitoring data from slave stations to master station for further analysis and processing
  • Synchronization of all system stations based on GLONASS/GPS (when navigation timing equipment is available)
  • Synchronous direction finding of radio signal sources
  • Transmitter location evaluation based on direction finding data
  • Transmitter location evaluation based on time difference of arrival method (when navigation timing equipment is available).

Basic Technical Specifications of Station in Complete Configuration

Panoramic spectrum analysis and measuring
Operating frequency range 0.009 – 18000 MHz
Intermodulation free dynamic range (3rd and 2nd order) 75 dB, min
Maximum simultaneous bandwidth 22 MHz
Panoramic spectrum analysis rate Up to 20 GHz/s
Detected signal minimum duration 1 s
Single-Channel and Multi-Channel Direction Finding
DF method Correlative interferometer
Operating azimuth range 0° - 360°
Operating frequency range 1.5 – 8000 MHz
Simultaneous DF bandwidth up to 24 MHz
Multi-channel direction finding rate
within 1.5-20 MHz range up to 10 MHz/s
within 20-8000 MHz range up to 2 500 MHz/s
DF field sensitivity, max.
within 1.5-20 MHz range 15 V/m (typical 10 V/m)
within 20-3000 MHz range 6 V/m (typical 2 V/m)
within 3000-8000 MHz range 12 V/m (typical 5 V/m)
Instrument accuracy (RMS), max.
within 1.5-20 MHz range 5
within 20-3000 MHz range 2
within 3000-8000 MHz range 3
Radio signal recording & technical analysis
Max. recording bandwidth Up to 40 MHz
Continuous recording time Depends on the storage volume
General Parameters
Power consumption 1000 W, max.
Operating temperature range -55C +55 C


Typical curves of RMS and DF sensitivity vs. frequency for direction finder of ARCHA-IN Station are the same as curves given for ARTIKUL-S Fixed Direction Finder.


Fixed Means