Mobile Means

ARGUMENT-I

Mobile Measuring Radio Monitoring Station

Purpose:

  • The station is intended for search, detection, measurement of field strength and parameters of REE signals, direction finding, recording, technical analysis and classification of signals used in modern communication systems and data transfer system in HF, VHF, UHF and SHF ranges, as well as localization of their emitters.


ARGUMENT-I Station with antenna system concealed under radome


ARGUMENT-I Station with antenna system concealed under radome

Typical Configuration:

Direction finding workstation:

  • ARTIKUL-M Automatic Mobile Direction Finder based on ARTIKUL-M1 with dismountable or fixed antenna system under radio transparent radome and integrated navigation equipment (operating frequency range 20-3000 MHz, simultaneous bandwidth up to 5 MHz)
  • Control and display unit with SMO-PPK, SMO-STA, SMO-ASPD Software Packages.

Measuring workstation:

  • ARGAMAK-IS Panoramic Field Strength Meter designed for mobile application (frequency range 0.009-3000 MHz, simultaneous bandwidth up to 22 MHz, Certificate of Approval of Measuring Equipment Type No 47238, certified measuring procedure)
  • Set of mast-mounted measuring antennae
  • ARC-A7A-3 Broadband Antenna for Installation on Vehicle
  • Mast mounted ARC-UP2 Remote Controlled Antenna Rotator
  • Control and display unit with SMO-PAI, SMO-STA, SMO-ASPD Software Packages.

Technical analysis workstation:

Cartography workstation:

Common system equipment:

  • Communication and data transmission equipment
  • Power supply system with a back-up battery.

Mobile base:

  • reequipped vehicle (Mercedes-Benz Sprinter, Ford Transit, Volkswagen Caravelle, Toyota Land Cruiser, UAZ Patriot).


ARGUMENT-I Station with dismountable antenna system


ARGUMENT-I Station with dismountable antenna system

Options:

  • Extension of operating frequency range of DF workstation (1.5 – 8000 MHz)
  • Extension of simultaneous bandwidth of DF workstation up to 24 MHz
  • Additional mast-mounted DF antenna system and mast for operation at stops
  • Extension of operating frequency range of measuring workstation's radio receiver up to 8 GHz
  • External remote-controlled ARC-KNV4 Frequency Down-Converter for Measuring Equipment (3-18 GHz, Certificate of Approval of Measuring Equipment Type No 48021)
  • Spectrum analyzer with operating frequency range up to 43 GHz
  • EFSU External Field Sensor Unit (omni-directional measuring antenna)
  • Measuring HF-antenna with frequency range from 9 kHz
  • Mast or tripod to mount rotator with measuring antennae
  • ARC-RP3M Handheld Direction Finder (operating frequency range 0.3 - 18000 MHz
  • ARC-IG Video facilities for visualization of radio emission sources in spatially distributed locations
  • SMO-BS Software Packages for Wireless Data Communication System Analysis: BS 3GPP (GSM, UMTS, LTE), BS CDMA (IS-95, cdma2000, EV-DO), BS TETRA, BS TRUNK (DMR, APCO P25), BS DECT, BS Wi-Fi (IEEE 802.11 a/b/g/n), BS WiMAX
  • SMO-CT Software Package for DVB-T/H/T2 Signal Analysis
  • SMO-PVP Cross Talk Detection Software Package
  • Laser printer (optionally)
  • Refrigerator, microwave oven (optionally)


Station provides for simultaneous performing of direction finding, measurement and technical analysis Configuration of mobile station can vary depending of the purposes. Local network of the Station provides for interchange of service data (including tasks and results of radio monitoring) between its workstations. Structural diagram of station in complete configuration is given below.


Structural diagram of ARGUMENT-I Station


Structural diagram of ARGUMENT-I Station

Features:

  • It meets the following ITU-R recommendations: SM.328, SM.377, SM.378, SM.443, SM 1047, SM 1050, SM.1139, SM 1268, SM 1370, SM 1392, SM 1537, SM 1600, SM 1682, SM 1836, SM 1837, SM 1838, SM 1840, SM 2039, SM 1880
  • It meets the requirements of Unified Technical Policy (ETP) of RF Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Telecom, Information Technologies and Mass Communications concerning mobile radio monitoring systems
  • Standalone operation at stops and while moving
  • Joint operation of several stations, including being a part of automated spectrum monitoring systems (ARMADA, AREAL, etc.)
  • To prevent digital path overloading of the equipment with simultaneous bandwidth more then 20 MHz (ARTIKUL-M, ARGAMAK-IS, ARGAMAK-CS) in complicated electromagnetic environment, digital radio receiver includes additional analogue path with 500 kHz bandwidth.

Station provides:

  • New rafio emitters search, measurement and comparison against the database
  • Automatic position finding and e-mapping of emitters both in real time and in postprocessing mode.
  • Panoramic spectrum analysis within the entire operating frequency range or within separate intervals under complex electromagnetic conditions, detection of its changes
  • Recording radio environment within a specified frequency range. This procedure can function within a long period and is based on amplitude/frequency/bearing/time coordinates, unit location and the absolute time at the time of saving
  • Databases maintenance.
  • Single- and multi-channel direction finding of radio signals with any modulation types and spectrum width
  • Automated monitoring of open radiophonic channel within specific range sections and/or fixed frequencies, simultaneous recording of demodulated signals and their service parameters.
  • Recording and technical analysis of radio signals in real time mode and in postprocessing mode.
  • Demodulated signals playback
  • Accumulation of data for further analysis in the postprocessing mode
  • Station coordinate and course finding, display station path in the map both in real-time mode and postprocessing mode.
  • Field strength measuring and its distribution mapping
  • Showing emitters in spatially distributed locations
  • Evaluation of field strength distribution around emitters subject to terrain and presenting of the results in the map
  • Localization of emitters based on field strength measurement
  • Verification of emitter parameters
  • Interchange of tasks and data with other stations (when joint operation within a system)
  • Creating and printout of reports
  • Database management (archivation, recovery, filtering, etc.).



Cabin of station based on off-road vehicle (left picture) and micro bus / van (right picture)



Service compartment of station based on off-road vehicle (left picture) and micro bus / van (right picture)

Functions of Station Workstations

Direction finding workstation

Intended for single-channel and multi-channel direction finding of radio emission sources. Direction finding workstation allows also handling part of the tasks intended for other workstations in case they are not included in the Station. Direction finding workstation provides:

  • Panoramic spectrum analysis within operating frequency range
  • Search for emitters
  • Single-channel and multi-channel direction finding of radio emission sources
  • Radio environment recording within a specified frequency range based on amplitude/frequency/bearing/time coordinates
  • Radio signal recording, parameter evaluation and technical analysis
  • Automated monitoring of detected radio channels
  • Data acquisition from the navigation equipment
  • Collecting and processing of radio channel monitoring data.


Measuring workstation

Intended for measuring of signal parameters of radio emission sources Measuring workstation provides:

  • Panoramic spectrum analysis within operating frequency range
  • Search for emitters
  • Radio signal recording, parameter measurement and technical analysis
  • Field strength measurement
  • Radio environment recording within a specified frequency range based on amplitude/frequency/time coordinates
  • Automated monitoring of detected radio channels
  • Automated direction finding of RES with amplitude method within the range 3-18 GHz (when ARC-KNV4 is available)
  • Check of frequency/time parameters and service information of base station of modern communication and data transmission systems (GSM, IS-95, cdma2000, EV-DO, UMTS, TETRA, DECT, LTE, Wi-Fi, WiMAX, DMR, APCO P25)
  • Monitoring and measuring of digital TV signal parameters (DVB-T/T2/H).


Technical analysis workstation

Intended for recording of signals, their technical analysis and classification, including uppon request from direction finding and measuring workstations. Technical analysis workstation provides:

  • Panoramic spectrum analysis within operating frequency range
  • Recording of radio signals
  • Demodulated signal listening
  • Technical analysis of radio signals in real time and in postprocessing mode
  • Recognition and classification of the radio signals
  • Technical analysis and demodulation of radio emission of following types: AM, WFM, NFM, LSSB, USSB, FSK2, FSK4, FSK6, FSK8, FSK12, FSK16, FSK32, MFSK, PSK2, PSK4, PSK8, QAM16, QAM32, QAM64, QAM128, DQPSK;
  • Digital streams structure/time analysis both in real time and in post-processing mode.


Cartography workstation

It ensures the following:

  • Emitter position finding
  • Showing bearings and emitters in electronic map
  • Field strength distribution mapping based on measurements
  • Evaluation of field strength distribution around emitters subject to terrain and presenting of the results in the map
  • Showing emitters in spatially distributed locations
  • Forming and maintenance of database of emitters in spatially distributed locations
  • Showing current position and path of the Radio Monitoring Station.



SMO-KN Software Screenshot: localization of RES by standalone ARGUMENT-I Mobile Station

Basic Technical Specifications of Station in Complete Configuration

Panoramic Spectrum Analysis
Operating frequency range:
Direction finding workstation 1.5 – 8000 MHz
Measuring workstation 9 kHz - 3 GHz
Technical analysis workstation 9 kHz - 3 GHz
Panoramic spectrum analysis rate up to 20 GHz/s
Single-Channel and Multi-Channel Direction Finding
Operating frequency range 1.5 – 8000 MHz
Operating azimuth range 0° - 360°
Direction finding method:
within 1.5-8000 MHz range Correlative interferometer
within 3 - 18 GHz range Amplitude
Multi-channel direction finding rate:
within 1.5-20 MHz range up to 10 MHz/s
within 20-8000 MHz range up to 2 500 MHz/s
DF field sensitivity, max.
within 1.5 - 20 MHz range 15 V/m (typical 6 V/m)
within 20 - 3000 MHz range 8 V/m (typical 3 V/m)
within 3000 - 8000 MHz range 15 V/m (typical 6 V/m)
Instrument DF accuracy (RMS), max.
within 1.5 - 20 MHz range 5
within 20 - 3000 MHz range 2.5
within 3000 - 8000 MHz range 3
Antenna system remote location range up to 100 m
Radio signal recording & technical analysis
Max. recording bandwidth 40 MHz
Continuous recording time Depends on the storage volume


Typical curves of RMS and DF sensitivity vs. frequency for direction finder of ARGUMENT-I Station are the same as curves given for ARTIKUL-M Mobile Direction Finder.


Mobile Means