Manpack Means


Manpack Automatic Direction Finder

«Security & Quality» Gold Medal awarded by «National Security International Contest» (2011)


The direction finder is intended for search, detection, automatic direction finding and localization of radio emission sources. The direction finder can be operated at stops and while moving standalone or as a part of automated spectrum monitoring systems (ARMADA, AREAL etc.)

Typical Configuration:

  • ARGAMAK-2K Two-Channel Panoramic Radio Receiver
  • AS-HP1 Antenna System for automatic direction finding within 110 – 3000 MHz, with integrated navigation equipment
  • Control and display unit with SMO-PPK, SMO-STA, SMO-ASPD, SMO-KN Software Packages
  • Battery set, AC power supply, vehicle-based power supply and charger
  • Holder to secure control and display unit when operation in manpack mode
  • Frame used to mount equipment and place the antenna systems when operation in the manpack version
  • Backpack for accessories (frame-mounted)

Carrying frame to mount equipment of ARTIKUL-H1 with AS-H2 Antenna System and the direction finder with AS-HP1 Antenna System in manpack operation mode


  • AS-HP2 Antenna System for automatic direction finding within 3 – 8 GHz, with integrated navigation equipment
  • AS-HP5 Antenna System for automatic direction finding in 20 - 3000 MHz range (mobile and fixed operation modes), with integrated navigation equipment
  • AS-HP-HF Antenna System for automatic direction finding in 1.5 - 30 MHz range (mobile and fixed operation modes), with integrated navigation equipment
  • Vehicle luggage box with fasteners to mount DF antenna systems
  • Tripod (mast) for direction finding antenna system mounting when operated at temporary workstations
  • Broadband radio monitoring antennae
  • External ARC-KNV4M Frequency Down-Converter for radio monitoring and amplitude (manual) direction finding within the range 3 - 18 GHz
  • SMO-BS Software Packages for Wireless Data Communication System Analysis: BS 3GPP (GSM, UMTS, LTE), BS CDMA (IS-95, cdma2000, EV-DO), BS TETRA, BS TRUNK (DMR, APCO P25), BS Wi-Fi.

Direction Finder Provides:

  • Single- and multi-channel automatic direction finding of RF emissions with any modulation type and spectrum width in 1.5 to 8000 MHz range (using replaceable antenna systems)
  • Manual direction finding within 3 – 18 GHz range (when ARC-KNV4M Down-Converter is available)
  • Displaying the emitter bearing and localization of detected emitter on the electronic map
  • Panoramic spectrum analysis within the entire operating frequency range or within separate intervals under complicated electromagnetic conditions, detection of changes in ambient electromagnetic conditions
  • Search for radio emission, measurement of their parameters
  • Creation of databases, their extension and comparing of the recorded data with the references in the database
  • Recording of radio signals to a storage device
  • Recording the radio environment to storage within a specified frequency range. This procedure can function within a long period and is based on amplitude/frequency/bearing/time coordinates, the station location and the absolute time at the time of saving
  • Accumulation of data for further analysis in the post-processing mode, simultaneous recording of demodulated signals and their service parameters (frequency, time, signal level, etc.)
  • Demodulated signals playback
  • Decoding of service parameters of communication systems (GSM, UMTS, LTE, IS-95, cdma2000, EV-DO, TETRA, DECT, DMR, APCO P25, Wi-Fi).

Examples of deployment of ARTIKUL-H1 Direction Finder on a vehicle and fixed workstation are presented in Figures.

ARTIKUL-H1 in the mobile operation mode, antenna system is inside the luggage box

ARTIKUL-H1 at a temporary workstation

Basic Specifications

Operating frequency range:
Typical Configuration 9 kHz - 3 GHz
Maximum configuration 9 kHz - 18 GHz
Intermodulation free dynamic range (3rd and 2nd order) 75 dB
Receiver sensitivity 0.8 - 1.5 V
Receiver tuning resolution 1 Hz
Operating set weight (backpack variant), max. 15 kg
Vehicle power supply 10 - 32 V
AC network power supply 90 - 250 V
Continuous battery run-time (typical configuration: internal batteries) 4 hour, min
Panoramic spectrum analysis and range load recording
Simultaneous bandwidth 5 MHz
Panoramic specrum analysis rate (with 6.25 kHz spectrum discreteness) up to 3 500 MHz/s
Frequency range load recording time 24 hours
Registered parameters Amplitude-Frequency-Time
Single Channel and Multi-Channel Direction Finding
Operating frequency range:
Typical Configuration 110 – 3000 MHz
Maximum configuration 1.5 MHz – 18 GHz
Direction finding method:
within 1.5 - 8000 MHz Correlative interferometer
within 8 - 18 MHz Amplitude
DF field sensitivity, max.
Within the range from 1.5 to 30 MHz (with AS-HP-HF) 15 V/m (typical 9 V/m)
Within the range from 20 to 110 MHz (with AS-HP5) 10 V/m (typical 6 V/m)
within 110 - 3000 MHz (with AS-HP5) 8 V/m (typical 4 V/m)
within 110 - 3000 MHz (with AS-HP1) 8 V/m (typical 4 V/m)
within 3 - 8 GHz (with AS-HP2) 15 V/m (typ. 5 V/m)
within 8 - 18 GHz (with ARC-KNV4) 50 V/m
Instrument DF accuracy (RMS), max.
Within the range from 1.5 to 30 MHz (with AS-HP-HF) 5
Within the range from 20 to 110 MHz (with AS-HP5) 5
within 110 - 3000 MHz (with AS-HP5) 2.5
within 110 - 3000 MHz (with AS-HP1) 4
within 3 - 8 GHz (with AS-HP2) 5
Signal technical analysis
Continuous recording of radio signal within the band up to 5 MHz

Typical curves of RMS and DF sensitivity vs. frequency are given in Table 4 on page Technical Means for Radio Monitoring.

Weights and Dimensions of AS-HP Antenna Systems

*Antenna code
Operation modes
Operating frequency range, MHz
Weight, kg
(diameter x height), mm

Mast mounted
1.5 – 30
465 x 170

Mast mounted
110 – 3000
465 x 135

Mast mounted
3000 – 8000
345 x 155

Mast mounted
20 – 3000
580 x 250

Manpack Means